Early detection of caries – without X-ray radiation!
Please observe in the following images that they were created during a study in the dental clinic in Munich. As it had not been established at this time how well the DIAGNOcam really functions, additional X-ray images were created (to be on the safe side). According to the current state of knowledge, it is unnecessary to take X-ray pictures to diagnose caries. In some cases, however, it could still be necessary. Your dentist knows best and will discuss this individually with you.
The DIAGNOcam accurately finds caries. The case mentioned above demonstrates impressively that diagnosis solely with the human eye is practically impossible – especially where early detection is concerned.
Fig. (A) shows small molars that appear to be healthy. No dentist would suspect caries there. Dark spots are only detectible in the DIAGNOcam image (B) (left and right circle). These can barely be seen in the X-ray image and even then, only in the rear area. The front area would not be evaluable in the X-ray image as so-called overlapping could occur (C). A phenomenon which does not exactly occur infrequently.
In a case like this, no tooth decay treatment involving drilling the tooth would be carried out (D). Treatment which would either replenish the minerals in the tooth or infiltrate a special plastic material into the porous layers would be indicated here. The tooth could certainly be saved in this way. But it should be examined from time to time. With the DIAGNOcam.
Another case shows that larger defects can also be detected with the DIAGNOcam. As in the first case, the diagnosis of the examination of the interdental space (A) only "armed" with the eye does not show much reason for intervention, at least none tooth decay treatment that would induce the dentist to reach for a drill.
It is only after examination with DIAGNOcam that extensive caries, hidden beneath the surface can be seen (B). Such defects can also be detected in the X-ray image (C). The tooth can no longer be treated with minimally invasive means, a filling must be applied. The right image shows the tooth as it appeared prior to the filling treatment (D).
You surely know that caries does not only occur between the teeth, it can also occur on the occlusal surface. The small grooves (known as fissures) on a tooth are predestined for caries because they are sometimes contorted as they penetrate the depth where a toothbrush cannot reach.
Therefore, for preventative reasons, teeth are often sealed with a plastic of low viscosity. In the case demonstrated – as in the previous cases – it is extremely difficult to detect caries (A). However, the DIAGNOcam clearly reveals a dark discolouration (see circle, B), which was confirmed by an X-ray image (C) and had to be treated with a filling.