KaVo ProXam 3D

  • Extremely user-friendly thanks to intuitive operation, quick programme selection and preset exposure values
  • 2D and 3D imaging with just one sensor
  • Less radiation with the same image quality and an integrated children mode
  • High image quality due to extremely small voxel sizes
  • Scout images for the verification of volume positioning
  • Ultra-low dose 3D imaging, ensuring optimal balance of radiation dose and image quality
  • Possibility of expansion with the cephalometric device

The KaVo ProXam 3D combines modern, maxillofacial three-dimensional imaging with various 2D imaging options. 

In addition to the extraoral bitewing and cephalometric X-ray programmes, it also offers a special children's mode. The extremely small voxel sizes produce brilliantly detailed DVT images – even with a reduced dose of radiation.

KaVo ProXam 3D in video:

KaVo ProXam 3D  & 3DQ - Teaser Video

KaVo ProXam 3D & 3DQ - Demo Video

ProXam 3D - Minimum radiation dose, maximum quality.

Diagnostically impressive 3D imaging at the highest level – that is the claim of the KaVo ProXam 3D X-ray portfolio. The two KaVo 3D X-ray units – KaVo ProXam 3D and KaVo ProXam 3DQ – offer modern, three-dimensional maxillofacial imaging at the highest level, and include numerous supplementary 2D programmes.

Based on extremely small voxel sizes, the KaVo 3D X-ray units generate high-resolution and detailed DVT images of compelling quality, even with a reduced radiation dose. The KaVo ProXam 3D series units, in combination with the all-in-one Romexis software, offer everything you need for an efficient, smart X-ray workflow. 

That means a safe investment, and a process-optimised digital future.

Comfort at its finest - Simple, intuitive and safe.

Ease of use is a top priority.

A KaVo ProXam 3D X-ray unit can be controlled and operated in two ways: either via the swivelling touch display panel on the unit or remotely through the desktop software on a PC.

In addition to the cleverly designed graphic ProXam 3D | 3DQ interface, the touch display also impresses users thanks to simple and quick programme selection and preset exposure values for a wide variety of imaging types. The step-by-step instructions, which guide users through the entire X-ray workflow, are an added bonus.

2D and 3D imaging with just one sensor.

With the intelligent SmartPan™ imaging system, the 3D sensors can be used for all 2D images. This eliminates the need for a time-consuming sensor change between DVT and panorama imaging.

Scout images help verify volume positioning.

Before the actual 3D image, two 2D images can be created laterally and posterior/anteriorly. This helps prevent unnecessary 3D images and minimises the radiation dose for the patient.

Appropriate recording modes for a variety of indications.

Depending on the clinical situation, the tailor-made recording modes of both KaVo ProXam 3D units provide accurate presets, enabling the best possible image quality with the lowest possible radiation dose.

  • In the Ultra Low Dose mode, each X-ray image is created with the minimum radiation dose possible. Ideal for paedodontic dentistry, orthodontics and sinus applications (voxel size 400 or 600 µm). 
  • The normal standard mode is the choice for all standard X-ray examinations (voxel size 200 µm). 
  • The High Definition or HD mode is ideal for recording extremely fine structures such as fractures (voxel size 150 µm). 
  • The HiRes (High Resolution) mode provides particularly high-resolution images (voxel size 100 µm). 
  • The endodontics mode offers the maximum resolution (voxel size 75 µm).

Suitable for all patients.

The open architecture of the KaVo ProXam 3D X-ray units and their spacious, vertical range of motion make it easy to position children, very tall patients, or wheelchair users. The robot-controlled SCARA (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) technology with 3-joint arm enables high-precision movements for anatomically correct image geometry.

This allows the C-arm to be fully extended, ensuring easy entry from the side. The open face-to-face positioning gives anxious patients, for example, the sense of security they need. 

For better visualisation and to support patient positioning, this is shown on the touch display. The integrated quadruple laser system is available for correct patient placement.

Suitable for the KaVo 3D X-ray units:

the KaVo PHYSIO chair with stepless height adjustment and lockable castors, resulting in precise and stable patient positioning with every X-ray.

KaVo PYHSIO product information

Top Advantages
  • The patented SCARA (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) technology ensures anatomically correct image geometry. 
  • Easy-to-use touch display with a variety of practical presettings. 
  • Fully integrated into the Romexis all-in-one software for additional time savings in the digital process.
  • More flexibility with the ability to expand to the cephalometric unit.
  • Autofocus adjusts the focus layer for optimal panoramic shots
With Ultra Low Dose to High Performance

Same image quality, less radiation.

With the Ultra Low Dose imaging protocol, the KaVo ProXam 3D units offer high-quality DVT images with a radiation dose that is lower than with conventional 2D panoramic images.

The effective radiation dose per patient can be reduced by an average of 77% in Ultra Low Dose mode – without any loss of image quality (Study of Orthodontic Diagnostic FOVs Using Low Dose CBCT protocol - Ludlow, John Barrett and Koivisto, Juha).

Based on special 3D algorithms, the Ultra Low Dose mode can be used with all voxel sizes and in all programmes – up to and including Endo mode.

 For a variety of indications, exposures in Ultra Low Dose mode are particularly suited for the following indications:

  1. Implant planning
  2. Postoperative follow-up after maxillofacial interventions
  3. Examination of the airways and sinuses
  4. In orthodontics:
    • for determination of the apical bone supply
    • for locating non-erupted or impacted teeth
    • for defining reference points for cephalometric analysis

Left: Without correction of motion artefacts

Right: With the CALM® algorithm to correct movements

CALM mode: For automatic correction of motion artefacts.

  • Iterative algorithm for automatic correction of motion artefacts. 
  • Ideal for longer scan times and imaging of restless patients, especially children or older patients. 
  • Minimal time and radiation dose through the elimination of additional repeat exposures.

Left: Without artefact removal 

Right: With artefact removal algorithm ARA™

ARA mode: Outstanding image results without metal artefacts.

  • Reliable algorithm for artefact-free recordings 
  • Automatically removes shadows and strips that can be caused by metal restorations or root fillings. 
  • Scientifically proven, tried and tested in practice

Left: Without noise reduction

Right: With noise filter AINO™

AINO mode: For reliable noise reduction. 

  • Noise-free images without any loss of valuable details 
  • Enables the lowest dose of radiation 
  • Optimum image quality through the use of small voxel sizes, for example in endodontics mode 
  • When using Ultra Low Dose mode, AINO is enabled by default

Technical specifications

Imaging modules 
3D Imaging 
KaVo ProXam 3D provides high-resolution volumetric 3D images of the lower and upper jaw as well as the entire dental area.
3D endodontic imaging mode
2D Imaging 
The SmartPan system uses the same 3D Sensor for 2D panoramic images. Also includes MultiView SmartPan, which creates nine panoramic images at different angles. MultiView SmartPan can be used in the panorama programmes. 

The Auto Focus function automatically positions the focal layer based on a low-dose Scout image of the centre of the patient's incisors. It uses points of reference in the patient's anatomy to calculate placement, allowing for error-free patient positioning. 

Available: basic panorama programmes, horizontal and vertical segmentation, bitewing panorama programme.

Ceph for ceph images.
The 2D view with 3D programme provides 2D images in the diagnostic quality of a 3D sensor.
High Resolution High Definition (HD)Normal Low
Voxel size in µm75100150200400
ProgrammeVolume (child size), mmExampleMode/voxel
ToothØ 50 x 50 (Ø 42 x 42)
Endo 75 μm
HR 100 μm
HD 150 μm
N 200 μm d
L 400 μm
 Ø50 x 80 (Ø42 x 68) HD 150 μm
N 200 μm d
L 400 μm
TeethØ80 x 50 (Ø68 x 42)
Ø80 x 80 (Ø68 x 68)
HD 150 μm
N 200 μm d
L 400 μm
Teeth (Extended volume)Ø100 x 50
Ø100 x 80
HD 150 μm
N 200 μm d
L 400 μm
Double scan 2 x teeth2 x teeth
N 200 μm d
L 400 μm
Triple scan 3 x teeth
N 200 μm d
L 400 μm

Endo = Endodontics, HR = High Resolution, HD = High Definition, N = Normal, L = Low, d = Default

 ProXam 3D
ClassificationMedical Device Directive 93/42/EEC (Class IIb) 
RoHS: 2011/65/EU 
IEC 60601-1: Class I, Type B 
CISPR 11: Class B
IP Classification: IP20
GeneratorConstant potential, microprocessor controlled, resonant mode, operating frequency 80-150 kHz , Power factor corrector, meets the IEC 60601-2-7 standard 
X-ray tubeD-054SB
Focal spot size  0.5 x 0.5 mm, according to IEC 60336
Total filtering2D / Fernröntgen: 2,5 mm Al eq
3D: 2,5 mm Al + 0,5 mm Cu
Anode voltage2D: 60 – 84 kV
Ceph: 60 – 84 kV
3D: 60 – 90 kV
Anode current2D: 1 – 16 mA
Ceph: 1 – 16 mA
3D: 1 – 14 mA
(Steps with the R20 series: 1, 1.1, 1.25, 1.4, 1.6, 1.8, 2.0, 2.2, 2.5, 2.8, 3.2, 3.6, 4.0, 4.5, 5.0, 5.6, 6.3, 7.1, 8.0, 9.0, 10.0, 11.0, 12.5, 14.0, 16.0)
Exposure time2D: 2,5 -16 s
Ceph: 6 – 10 s
3D: 3 – 36 s
SID2D: 501 mm
Ceph: 1700 mm
3D / SmartPan: 528 mm
Focus-skin distance2D / 3D: min. 150 mm
Ceph: 1500 mm
Enlargement2D: constant 1,2
Ceph: 1,13
3D: 1,58
Panorama image sizeSmartPan: 190×100 mm
Line voltage100 - 220 V/50 oder 60 Hz
230 – 240 V/50 Hz
Power Factor Corrector
Line current8 – 17 A
 ProXam 3D
Pixel size127 μm
Active surface13×13 cm
CCD pixel size48 μm
Image pixel size48/96/144 µm (adjustable)
CCD active surface6×146 mm, 2D
6×292 mm, Ceph
Image sizesSmartPan panorama, Adult: 13.0 x 29.1 cm, anatomical size 10.8 x 24.2 cm SmartPan panorama, Child: 11.2 x 25.2 cm, anatomical size 9.4 x 20.9 cm Ceph: 18 x 18 cm - 30 x 27 cm, anatomical size 15.9 x 15.9 cm - 26.5 x 23.9 cm

The 3D reconstruction computer is a maintenance-free, high-performance Linux-based computer that acquires and reconstructs images from an imaging unit. This automatic reconstruction converts the original image data into the 3D volume, which is then transferred to the workstation (Romexis) and to the Romexis server for storage. The 3D reconstruction computer is included in all deliveries of the KaVo ProXam 3D units.

1170 mm / 46,1“ 900 mm / 35,4“ SCARA3 850 mm / 33,5“ 350 mm 13,8“ 5,9“ 150 mm 50 mm 2,0“ Cephalostat Space requirement745 / 25,4“ With minimum wall support725 / 28,5“ Without cephalostat 2,0“ 50 mm 7,9“ 200 mm Unit dimension 1220 mm / 48,0“ With minimum wall support 1200 mm / 47,2“ Minimum recommended space 1270 mm / 50,0“ With minimum wall support 1250 mm / 49,2“ 50 mm2,0“ Unit dimension (SCARA3)1000 mm / 39,4“ Minimum recommended space (SCARA3)1250 mm / 49,3“ Unit dimension (SCARA3) 2020 mm / 79,6“ Minimum recommended space (SCARA3) 2120 mm / 83,5“
Cephalostat 1320 - 2100 mm / 52,0“ - 82,7“ 1250 mm / 49,2“ 1560 - 2340 mm / 61,4“ - 92,1“

The following figures illustrate the dimensions of the X-ray unit and the required minimum amount of space (grey area) for smooth operation.


The maximum height is adjustable 
 ProXam 3D
Weight119 kg (3D unit)
26 kg (Ceph)
Chin rest level96 – 178 cm
Ceph ear pad height97 – 179 cm


ProXam 3D & 3DQ in comparison:

 ProXam 3DQProXam 3D

In addition to the functions of the 2D and 3D X-ray unit, the KaVo ProXam 3DQ offers considerably more: what mostly sets the ProXam 3DQ apart is its maximum volume size, which offers additional imaging options and a greater variety of diagnostic applications. It is suitable, for example, for taking images of the sinus, nose, middle ear, petrous bone, cervical spine and airways. 

In addition, the KaVo ProXam 3DQ offers free volume positioning: its C-arm and chin rest adjust automatically depending on which volume is selected, and therefore do not require manual adjustment.

The KaVo ProXam 3D offers state-of-the-art, three‑dimensional maxillofacial imaging at the highest level, including numerous additional options for creating 2D panoramic, extraoral bitewing and cephalometric images. On the basis of extremely small voxel sizes, the KaVo 3D X-ray unit generates high-resolution and detailed DVT images in diagnostically compelling quality and, thanks to the easy-to-use, intelligent setting modes, the image quality is impressive even at small radiation doses.
Voxel size75 / 100 / 150 / 200 / 400 / 600 μm75 / 100 / 150 / 200 / 400 μm
Maximum volume single scanØ19 x 10 cmØ8 x 8 cm
Extended volume single scan Ø10 x 8 cm (optional)
Maximum volume multiple scansØ19 x 15 cm 
Correction of motion artefacts with CALM®



Imaging with Ultra Low Dose™
Endodontics mode



3D dental programmes
3D ENT programme


2D panoramic imaging
Ceph imaging




3D Quart Test Phantom Set
Mat. No.: 2.023.5072

2D Quart Test Phantom Set
Mat. No.: 2.023.4050

Wall switch EU
Mat. No.: 2.023.1051

Manual x-ray support 
Mat. No.: 2.023.4052

Additional wall mount bracket 
For two-point wall mount 
Mat. No.: 2.023.4053